- Solà R, Bruckert E, Valls RM, Narejos S, Luque X, Castro-Cabezas M, Doménech G, Torres F, Heras M, Farrés X, Vaquer JV, Martínez JM, Almaraz MC, Anguera A.
Soluble fibre (Plantago ovata husk) reduces plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, oxidised LDL and systolic blood pressure in hypercholesterolaemic patients: A randomised trial.
Abstract: The objective was to evaluate whether the soluble fibre Plantago ovata (Po)-husk improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk biomarkers including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). METHODS: In a multi-centred, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, randomised trial conducted in primary care-clinics in Spain, France and Holland, mild-moderate hypercholesterolaemic patients (age range: 43-67 years) received 14 g/d of Po-husk (n=126) or placebo (microcrystalline-cellulose 14 g/d; n=128) in a low saturated fat diet for 8 weeks. Subsequently, if LDL-C remained > or = 3.35 mmol/L [130 mg/dL], participants proceeded with the fibre plus simvastatin (20mg/d) for further 8 weeks. Lipid profile, blood pressure (BP), insulin, oxidised LDL and some gene polymorphisms involved in CVD risk were measured. RESULTS: Relative to placebo, Po-husk reduced plasma LDL-C by -6% (P<0.0002), total cholesterol (TC) by -6%, triglycerides (TG) by -21.6%, apolipoprotein (Apo) B-100 by -6.7%, oxidised LDL by a mean of -6.82 U/L (95%CI: 3.15-10.48), insulin by -4.68 pmol/L (95%CI: 0.68-8.67) and systolic BP by -4.0mm Hg (95%CI; 1.2-6.7) (P<0.05). The TG-lowering effect in the Po-husk group was magnified by variants in plasminogen-activator-inhibitor (PAI-1; rs1799768) and fatty acid-binding protein (FABP-2; rs1799883) genes. At 16 weeks, the intra-group action of simvastatin (20mg/d) added to Po-husk or placebo was a similar LDL-C reduction. CONCLUSIONS: Po-husk, apart from lowering LDL-C, also reduced TG, TG related to certain gene variants, TC, Apo B-100, oxLDL, insulin-resistance and systolic BP in mild-moderate hypercholesterolaemic individuals. Thus, the target patients to receive Po-husk would be those who present a cluster of various CVD risk factors, such as metabolic syndrome.
- Solà R; Boj M; Hernández-Flix S; Camprubí M.
Silica in oral drugs as a possible sarcoidosis inducing antigen.
Lancet 2009; 373:1943–1944.
- Solà R, Godàs G, Ribalta J, Vallvé JC, Girona J, Anguera A, Ostos M, Recalde D, Salazar J, Caslake M, Martín-Luján F, Salas-Salvadó J, Masana L.
Effects of soluble fiber (Plantago ovata husk) on plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins in men with ischemic heart disease.
Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85(4):1157-6.
New dietary strategies to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk include the addition of fiber to the diet. The effect of soluble-fiber consumption derived from Plantago ovata husk on lipid risk factors in patients with CVD is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of soluble fiber (P. ovata husk) with those of insoluble fiber (P. ovata seeds) on plasma lipid, lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein (apo) concentrations within a CVD secondary prevention program. DESIGN: In a randomized, crossover, controlled, single-blind design, 28 men with CVD (myocardial infarction or stable angina) and an LDL-cholesterol concentration =3.35 mmol/L consumed for 8 wk, under controlled conditions, a low-saturated-fat diet supplemented with 10.5 g P. ovata husk/d or 10.5 g P. ovata seeds/d. Fasting plasma lipid concentrations and polymorphisms of genes involved in lipid metabolism, such as apo A-IV, apo E, and fatty acid-binding protein, were measured. RESULTS: Plasma triacylglycerol decreased (6.7%; P < 0.02), the ratio of apo B 100 to apo A-I decreased (4.7%; P < 0.02), and apo A-I increased (4.3%; P < 0.01) in the P. ovata husk consumers. Compared with the intake of insoluble fiber, the intake of P. ovata husk increased HDL-cholesterol concentrations by 6.7% (P = 0.006) and decreased the ratio of total to HDL cholesterol and of LDL to HDL cholesterol by 10.6% (P = 0.002) and 14.2% (P = 0.003), respectively. CONCLUSION: In the secondary prevention of CVD, P. ovata husk intake induces a more beneficial effect on the cardiovascular lipid risk-factor profile than does an equivalent intake of insoluble fiber.
- Drissi A, Girona J, Cherki M, Godàs G, Derouiche A, El Messal M, Saile R, Kettani A, Solà R, Masana L, Adlouni A.
Evidence of hypolipemiant and antioxidant properties of argan oil derived from the argan tree (Argania spinosa).
Clin Nutr 2004;23(5):1159-66.
Abstract: Virgin argan oil is of interest in cardiovascular risk prevention due to its fat composition and antioxidant compounds. AIMS: We investigated with Moroccan subjects the effect of regular virgin argan oil consumption on lipid profile and antioxidant status and the in vitro effect of argan oil minor compounds (tocopherols, sterols and polyphenols) on LDL peroxidation. DESIGN: Healthy subjects (20 men, 76 women) were studied. Sixty-two were regular consumers of argan oil and 34 were non-consumers. METHODS: Fasting plasma lipids, antioxidant vitamins and LDL oxidation susceptibility were analyzed. In vitro LDL oxidation by phenolic and apolar compounds of virgin argan oil were performed. RESULTS: Diet composition of argan oil consumers has a higher significant content of polyunsaturated fatty acids than that of non-consumers (8.8 +/- 1.0 vs. 6.6 +/- 0.9 g, P < 0.05). Subjects consuming argan oil have lower levels of plasma LDL cholesterol (12.7%, P < 0.05) and Lp(a) (25.3%, P < 0.05) compared with the non-consumers. In argan oil consumers, plasma lipoperoxides were lower (58.3%, P < 0.01) and molar ratio alpha-tocopherol/total cholesterol (21.6%, P < 0.05) and alpha-tocopherol concentration (13.4%, P < 0.05) were higher compared with the non-consumers group. In spite of higher levels of plasma antioxidant and lower levels of lipoperoxides in argan oil consumers, LDL oxidation susceptibility remained fairly similar. A strong positive correlation was observed between increasing phenolic extract, sterol and tocopherol concentrations and the LDL-Lag phase (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest for the first time that regular consumption of virgin argan oil induces a lowering of LDL cholesterol and has antioxidant properties. This oil offers an additional natural food to reducing cardiovascular risk.
- Sundl I, Guardiola M, Khoschsorur G, Solà R, Vallvé JC, Godàs G, Masana L, Maritschnegg M, Meinitzer A, Cardinault N, Roob JM, Rock E, Winklhofer-Roob BM, Ribalta J.
Increased concentrations of circulating vitamin E in carriers of the apolipoprotein A5 gene – 1131T>C variant and associations with plasma lipids and lipid peroxidation.
J Lipid Res 2007;48(11):2506-13.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) 1131T>C gene variant on vitamin E status and lipid profile. The gene variant was determined in 297 healthy nonsmoking men aged 20-75 years and recruited in the VITAGE Project. Effects of the genotype on vitamin E in plasma, LDL, and buccal mucosa cells (BMC) as well as on cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) concentrations in plasma and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), apoB, apoE, apoC-III, and plasma fatty acids were determined. Plasma malondialdehyde concentrations as a marker of in vivo lipid peroxidation were determined. C allele carriers showed significantly higher TG, VLDL, and LDL in plasma, higher cholesterol in VLDL and intermediate density lipoprotein, and higher plasma fatty acids. Plasma alpha-tocopherol (but not gamma-tocopherol, LDL alpha- and gamma-tocopherol, or BMC total vitamin E) was increased significantly in C allele carriers compared with homozygote T allele carriers (P = 0.02), but not after adjustment for cholesterol or TG. Plasma malondialdehyde concentrations did not differ between genotypes. In conclusion, higher plasma lipids in the TC+CC genotype are efficiently protected against lipid peroxidation by higher alpha-tocopherol concentrations. Lipid-standardized vitamin E should be used to reliably assess vitamin E status in genetic association studies.